Ernst Cahill, who is not a scholar of Western philosophy, reckons no one knows that in his later years he wrote a summative book, The Theory of Man. This book provides a new perspective for me in the second phase.
As I played Death Stranded, I suddenly remembered some of the ideas in the book. So this article starts from here, goes deep above the Hades beach, overlooks the entire life course.
In Ernst Cahill's argument, countless biologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and art historians all want to explain how human consciousness came about, and then understand what human beings are for. It doesn't seem to have much to do with the \"link\" advocated by the whole game, so don't worry, let me make it clear to you.
In \"the death stranding,\" shima suff is constantly telling players about the five species extinctions that have occurred on earth, and the death stranding is the sixth species extinction, the main body of this extinction is us humans.
The first is because humans occupy most of the living space of the earth today, just like the dinosaurs of the Cretaceous. Secondly, the human population has reached a terrible number and is still growing. When we look at each extinction alone, we find some general rule that the large population of organisms exceeds the limit of the ecological environment, so that a large number of species become extinct, and a few of the surviving species become the main body of the next biological population boom.
We've always distinguished humans from other animals to describe and document, but if we look back at the rise and fall of species several times, we can see similar patterns. In the Ordovician period, for example, crustaceans flourished, with hard crustaceans as a standard of survival, whereas non- crustaceans were reduced to the bottom of the food chain. If these crustaceans were capable of recording at that time, they might have regarded crustaceans as higher creatures, and those without them as lower creatures.
And so on, in the Cretaceous period, it may be possible to use horny skin as a higher animal, and no horny skin as a lower animal. By the time the Quaternary elders stood out, the same thing had happened, only from the distinction between organs to the more abstract distinction between consciousness.
This is the main line of the whole story, and before it is bound to end, Sam leads the human race to struggle a little against the elimination and adjustment of nature. Like the first five times, the rise and fall of the entire human species has no meaning for nature. Just like a dog's lice, a gentle scratch may be a disaster for the lice, but for the dog it may just be a subconscious action.
At a time of imminent destruction, humans are as meaningless as lice. Our proud civilization, our numerous inventions and creations, our struggles and strifes are in fact self-delusion from beginning to end.
But life is not the same, life is so tenacious, tenacious as if not created by the universe. One of the most important is the transmission of information and links.
When it comes to information transmission, it always seems to make the sound of electrical signals in one's head. But don't forget that in a biological sense, genetic inheritance also belongs to the transmission of information, but the transmission of information is achieved through chemical bonds. All the complex components of the entire population are contained in these RNAs and deoxyribonucleic acids. This information cannot only be transmitted, but also iterative, and can be copied and mutated, and all this is not transferred by the subjective consciousness of anything.
We remove those emotions as human individuals and subjective emotions to view the transmission of biological genes, and remove the dimension of time. The transmission of genetic information gives a different luster to the hundreds of millions of years of deadness. For the universe itself, time and space are meaningless. Perhaps from the explosion of the universe to the collapse of the universe, this process is as natural as we breathe. We don't think about the hemoglobin we need for each breath of oxygen and the details of the parts that are delivered to the body.
In the countless hours between an explosion and a collapse, what is produced in the near-untold mass of annihilation is meaningless to the universe. But at one point in time, on a planet around a star on the edge of the Milky Way, chemical bonds of multiple compounds suddenly have their own ideas. Perhaps not as humanely described as \"ideas \", but what I would like to say is that these chemical bonds begin to extend out of the chaotic and cluttered world of matter, across the time and space where they are, so that time and space have meaning for life.
First, they hope to be able to cross from one water to another. So they linked themselves together and tried to reach far away, so they had the earliest single-cell organisms.
They think this is the right direction, so find ways to produce more individuals and spread to a wider area. But diffusion requires the consumption of matter, so some organisms begin to absorb the free inorganic matter, forming organic matter in the body, and the remaining organisms swallow organic matter for further diffusion. As the scale of diffusion increases, the environment for organisms to adapt to becomes more and more complex. Can't adapt to alkaline water body to acid water body, can't adapt to acid water body to air. In this way, the structure of life is becoming more and more complex, but it has always had a mission to convey the message of life and spread it in a broader direction.
There are, of course, errors, such as the number of consumers in the population, the overconsumption of producers and the inability to support consumers, such as the over-capacity of the feeders that make a small number of consumers occupy most of the resources, and so on. The failure of these strategies keeps life improving itself.
Then came a strange route - humans. This time the strategy is no longer to spread by the evolution of the body, but to apply a new strategy, consciousness.
The birth of consciousness is still a mystery until now, and no subject can really answer how human consciousness is born, but we can view this process from the initial stage to the development of human society from one of its manifestations. That's the symbol.
After humans became the major group in the world, we re-established our position in the food chain by means of convenience, and ate up all the animals that were stronger than we were. Of course, this behavior is not much better than the Cretaceous carnivorous dinosaurs, but in the process, humans did not simply fix themselves in an ecological circle, but across the mountains and rivers, walking on the vast land, conquering the mountains and seas, and spreading human settlements throughout the world. It's incredible for other animals - if those animals can know the concept.
Without altering their physical conditions, humans have managed to bridge a gap that has eluded them for billions of years of evolutionary history. As I said before, organisms in alkaline waters cannot adapt to acid waters, and organisms in acid waters cannot survive in the air. But humans can cross the cold, warm, and hot zones, and have established settlements wherever they can live, without altering their living conditions.
At a time when most animals rely on words and deeds and cruel natural elimination to achieve population transmission and reproduction, humans can already use fables to teach the next generation how to survive, how to use tools, and how to get along with the environment.
But it takes not just the intelligent brain, but the imagination and the ability to summarize everything in the abstract, to end up condensing what is what into a symbol, or a syllable.
When we point to a mountain, we pronounce the \"shan\" syllable to represent the name of the reference, and others can quickly understand what your pronunciation refers to, but animals can only understand the immediate environment by smell or other physical things. When we speak of mountains, we also mean that we contain all things of the same type, rather than simply referring to the present, but animals are completely unable to group together multiple objects of the same kind, or extract one of them separately as a representation.
This highly generalized abstract experience enables the spread of experience across the blood or gene, allowing more individuals to carry these experiences more quickly, and on this basis to further iterate and develop. It is on the basis of such efficient experience that the human population realizes self-iteration and self-promotion, and gradually develops its own social form.
This kind of iterative upgrade is not the evolution of its own body, but the speed of information dissemination and the efficiency of production resources. In other words, it is through the development of production efficiency to improve the efficiency of information dissemination. To deliver information more efficiently, we have invented writing tools, writing carriers, and then printing, and then electromagnetic waves and the Internet, and now we're making quantum communications universal.
These are constantly accelerating the information transfer itself, increasing the connectivity between people, not only between individuals, but also between groups. The change of the media has made fundamental changes in the way and way people acquire knowledge.
The older generation of china's most obvious feeling before the new generation, the older generation felt that the teens seemed to understand nothing in their ideas, but the young people holding the tablet all day long knew much more than the older generation thought. It also means that a new generation growing up in the internet age has linked itself more to platforms for global information sharing, or creating and sharing information intentionally or unintentionally.
When it comes to talking about a current hot spot, online views are no longer confined to a critic or expert, but are more focused on the vocalization of online groups. This group represents a common voice or common understanding. It also means that all the individuals contained in these groups are abstracted into a highly condensed information symbol, which is the epitome of this symbolic society.
In the present day, people are busy socializing online, helping people bargain, giving people votes, even couples, parents sitting together without the desire to chat, because everyone is consuming their own social value online. In the real world everyone becomes silent, which is a false link.
This state is extremely manifested by shima soufu, physically enlarging the distance between individuals. How far is the distance between individuals and individuals in the world of \"death stranding \"? In fact, the straight line is not particularly far away, but in reality it is difficult to meet. I personally feel like people in contemporary society, even those who are in the same office with you, rarely communicate with each other, and more communication may only be done on the network through work groups or office software. Two people across a partition, like the game Sun Yat-sen over the mountains, the distance between a time between the rain curtain, out of a door may be forever separated. And the other side of the station he, perhaps after something, quietly quit, disappearing into the rain of your time.
In the game, Sam as a courier, through the delivery of time and again, the relationship between people to re-establish. Because of this difficult distance, Sam put people's feelings in the form of goods to pass down, each cargo is needed, and not just a commodity. Just as people are always feeling that letters can convey people's feelings, but online socializing makes the exchange of letters history.
Many are wondering why the web links people more closely, but makes relationships more impersonal. The reason is that this almost untimely link, so that the relationship between people have no room for manoeuvre, lost their own emotional retention. No precipitation and thinking, only the instantaneous impulse, so that the emotional pay cannot get a real return.
What reason and motivation do I have to give to others to listen to what I want to say when my long-rumoured words are overshadowed by the more intense entertainment news in the qqgroup and when my point of view is lost in the scolding of the keyboard man? Real links may not be that complicated.
In highly symbolic societies, it is easy to construct symbolic labels for those groups. For example, programmers are bald and greasy middle-aged plaid uncle, female stars must rely on the hidden rules of the upper, the big money must be to the rich and powerful to gain wealth, losers must be no ability to live the failure. When these groups are symbolized, there is even no interest in being connected, and everything is summed up with what you see as highly condensed symbolic information.
This kind of symbolization makes the group and the group begin to separate each other, falsely link the crowd through the label, but ignore the real link between people.
In retrospect and not long ago, how did the generation of parents connect with people? Is it over the Internet? No, it's through face-to-face communication, because you help me, so I will help you, because of your kindness, so I will be kind to you. Not because of a common hobby or common topic. Workers and intellectuals can be friends, teachers and students can be friends, and farmers and village cadres can be friends. In the symbolic society constructed by human beings, besides the link of information, the link of emotion between people is the link that makes society closely unite and develop together.
The most essential link between humans and humans in the most advanced form is the link on the genetic lineage. When Sam learned of his origins and saw the death of Clifford Angle as his father, he understood his mission and his bloodline. It was the inheritance of his father's will, and at that moment the player felt the link across time and space.
The most sincere and unreserved emotion of man is the love of his parents for his children, which links the previous generation with the next, the time of the past with the time of the future, and makes time and space meaningful, because you know that your offspring will continue forever.
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